By John F. Hoffecker
For the 1st time in recent times, we've a synthesis of the newest pondering and discoveries by means of a more youthful pupil with an authoritative seize of the topic. This booklet is a crucial contribution to the final literature of human prehistory, particular for its accomplished assurance of the circumpolar regions.—Brian Fagan, writer of The lengthy summer time: How weather replaced Civilization
"A uniquely authoritative, hugely readable, and well-illustrated account of ways stone-age humans controlled to colonize the a ways North."—Richard G. Klein, Stanford University
Early people didn't easily glide northward from their African origins as their skills to deal with cooler climates advanced. The preliminary payment of areas like Europe and northerly Asia, in addition to the later move into the Arctic and the Americas, really happened in fairly fast bursts of growth. A Prehistory of the North is the 1st full-length learn to inform the complicated tale, spanning virtually million years, of ways people inhabited many of the coldest areas on earth.
In an account wealthy with illustrations, John Hoffecker strains the background of anatomical diversifications, vitamin transformations, and technological advancements, reminiscent of garments and protect, which allowed people the continuing skill to push the bounds in their habitation. The publication concludes by way of exhibiting how within the previous few thousand years, peoples residing within the circumpolar zone—with the exception of western and primary Siberia—developed a thriving maritime economy.
Written in nontechnical language, A Prehistory of the North presents compelling new insights and important info for pros and scholars.
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Extra info for A Prehistory of the North: Human Settlement of the Higher Latitudes
18 The sites occupied by Homo heidelbergensis are relatively common though by no means abundant in the warmer regions of Europe. With the exception of the southernmost edge, the colder and drier portions of the continent that lie north and east of the Carpathian Mountains remained uninhabited (sites are scarce in regions where the current winter temperature mean falls below the freezing point). The majority of sites were occupied during the warm interglacial periods, but there is also some evidence of habitation during the colder intervals.
The ﬁrst movement into the higher middle latitudes—ultimately as far as 52° North—may have been no more than an opportunistic extension of the human geographic range under favorable circumstances. Despite the lack of obvious cold adaptations in their record, there is reason to believe that the earliest Europeans may have developed some special means of living in higher-latitude environments that set them apart from their southern contemporaries. However ameliorated by local conditions and warm-climate oscillations, Western Europe must have presented some challenges to its ﬁrst human inhabitants.
However, the australopithecines had evolved a mode of locomotion—walking upright on their hindlimbs—that set them apart from not only the African apes but all other living primates and most mammals. It was the development of bipedalism that moved humans onto their fateful evolutionary track. Together with the later appearance of language, it remains the most important event in human evolution. Despite its rarity among mammals, bipedal locomotion had clear roots in the upright posture of the primitive apes and lower primates.
A Prehistory of the North: Human Settlement of the Higher Latitudes by John F. Hoffecker